Dialog API

Frappe provides a group of standard, interactive and flexible dialogs that are easy to configure and use. There's also an API for Python.

frappe.ui.Dialog

new frappe.ui.Dialog({ title, fields, primary_action })

Creates a new Dialog instance.

let d = new frappe.ui.Dialog({
    title: 'Enter details',
    fields: [
        {
            label: 'First Name',
            fieldname: 'first_name',
            fieldtype: 'Data'
        },
        {
            label: 'Last Name',
            fieldname: 'last_name',
            fieldtype: 'Data'
        },
        {
            label: 'Age',
            fieldname: 'age',
            fieldtype: 'Int'
        }
    ],
    primary_action_label: 'Submit',
    primary_action(values) {
        console.log(values);
        d.hide();
    }
});

d.show();

Dialog frappe.ui.Dialog

frappe.msgprint

frappe.msgprint(message) or frappe.msgprint({ title, message, indicator })

Show message in a modal.

// only message
frappe.msgprint(__('Document updated successfully'));

// with options
frappe.msgprint({
    title: __('Notification'),
    indicator: 'green',
    message: __('Document updated successfully')
});

Msgprint frappe.msgprint

You can also bind a primary action to this dialog by passing action(as a method) within primary_action. Alternatively, primary_action can contain server_action or client_action.

The server_action and client_action are dotted paths to the respective methods which will execute on clicking the primary button.

// with primary action
 frappe.msgprint({
    title: __('Notification'),
    message: __('Are you sure you want to proceed?'),
    primary_action:{
        action(values) {
            console.log(values);
        }
    }
});

// with server and client action
frappe.msgprint({
    title: __('Notification'),
    message: __('Are you sure you want to proceed?'),
    primary_action: {
    'label': 'Proceed',
    // either one of the actions can be passed
    'server_action': 'dotted.path.to.method',
    'client_action': 'dotted_path.to_method',
    'args': args
    }
});

Msgprint with Primary Action frappe.msgprint with primary action bound

frappe.throw

frappe.throw(error_message)

Show error_message in a modal and throw exception.

frappe.throw(__('This is an Error Message'))

Throw frappe.throw

frappe.prompt

frappe.prompt(label) or frappe.prompt(df) or frappe.prompt(fields)

Prompt user for a value or list of values.

// prompt for single value of type Data
frappe.prompt('First Name', ({ value }) => console.log(value))

// Set title and button label
frappe.prompt('First Name', console.log, 'Enter First Name', 'Submit');

// prompt for single value of any type
frappe.prompt({
    label: 'Birth Date',
    fieldname: 'date',
    fieldtype: 'Date'
}, (values) => {
    console.log(values.date);
})

// prompt for multiple values
frappe.prompt([
    {
        label: 'First Name',
        fieldname: 'first_name',
        fieldtype: 'Data'
    },
    {
        label: 'Last Name',
        fieldname: 'last_name',
        fieldtype: 'Data'
    },
], (values) => {
    console.log(values.first_name, values.last_name);
})

Prompt frappe.prompt

frappe.confirm

frappe.confirm(message, if_yes, if_no)

Show a confirmation modal, executes if_yes if confirmation is given else executes if_no.

frappe.confirm('Are you sure you want to proceed?',
    () => {
        // action to perform if Yes is selected
    }, () => {
        // action to perform if No is selected
    })

Prompt frappe.confirm

frappe.warn

frappe.warn(title, message_html, proceed_action, primary_label, is_minimizable)

Show a warning modal, executes proceed_actiion if confirmation is given. It can be set as minimizable which allows the dialog to be minimized.

frappe.warn('Are you sure you want to proceed?',
    'There are unsaved changes on this page',
    () => {
        // action to perform if Continue is selected
    },
    'Continue',
    true // Sets dialog as minimizable
)

Prompt frappe.confirm

frappe.show_alert

frappe.show_alert(message, seconds) or frappe.show_alert({message, indicator}, seconds)

Alert Dialog is used for showing non-obstructive messages.

Its parameters include message, which can contain the indicator color as well, and its display duration. The default is 7 seconds.

frappe.show_alert('Hi, you have a new message', 5);

//show_alert with indicator
frappe.show_alert({
    message:__('Hi, you have a new message'),
    indicator:'green'
}, 5);

Show Alert frappe.show_alert

frappe.show_progress

frappe.show_progress(title, count, total, description)

Displays a progress bar with count (as current progress) and total (as maximum progress value).

frappe.show_progress('Loading..', 70, 100, 'Please wait');

Show Progress frappe.show_progress

frappe.new_doc

frappe.new_doc(doctype, route_options, init_callback)

Opens a new form of the specified DocType that allows to edit and save it. If "Quick Entry" is enabled for the DocType (that allows to enter the most important fields) the "Quick Entry" pop-up window will be shown. Otherwise you will be redirected to the usual document entry form.

For example, let's create a new Task:

frappe.new_doc("Task");

Often when you are creating a new document in the user interface you want to initialize some of its fields based on the user interaction that triggered the creation. The other two arguments can be used for such initialization.

Specifically, the route_options argument is a quick and convenient way to set any field of type Link, Select, Data, or Dynamic Link in the new document. Its value should be an object whose keys are the desired field names and whose values are the initial values.

frappe.new_doc("Task", {subject: "New Task"});

If you need to do any other initialization of the new document that is not possible with route_options, init_callback gives you full control. It should be a function of one argument. If the doctype is initialized with a "Quick Entry" form, the callback is called with the "Quick Entry" dialog object just before control is released back to the user. Otherwise, the callback is called with the new document just before the user is allowed to edit it in the standard form.

frappe.new_doc("Task", {subject: "New Task"},
                doc => {doc.description = "Do what's necessary";});

Note that subject is a field of type "Data", so we are able to take advantage of the route_options argument to set it. description is a field of type "Text Editor", so if we want to initialize it, that must be done in the callback.

For a slightly more complex example, here's a call that creates a new Journal Entry of type "Bank Entry" and populates one side of the transaction:

frappe.new_doc("Journal Entry", {"voucher_type": "Bank Entry"}, doc => {
    doc.posting_date = frappe.datetime.get_today();
    let row = frappe.model.add_child(doc, "accounts");
    row.account = 'Bank - A';
    row.account_currency = 'USD';
    row.debit_in_account_currency = 100.0;
    row.credit_in_account_currency = 0.0;
});

frappe.ui.form.MultiSelectDialog

new frappe.ui.form.MultiSelectDialog({ doctype, target, setters, date_field, get_query, action })

A MultiSelectDialog consists of filter fields followed by a multiple selection list. The primary button will perform the passed action on the selected options.

By default, the Search Term field and Date Range field will compose the filter fields.

The argument list includes:

  • doctype: The source to fetch and display selection entries from.
  • target: The target where the modal is to be displayed.
  • setters: These will compose the filter fields and values to populate them with. These also translate to custom columns for the selection list.
  • add_filters_group: A boolean value to add/remove the filter group in the dialog below setters. The filter group is same as the list view filters.
  • date_field: It is necessary to pass the date_field of the DocType in consideration.
  • get_query: A function that returns query and filters to query the selection list. A custom server side method can be passed via query, and filters will be passed to that method.
  • action: Contains the primary action to be performed on the selected options. It takes selections as a parameter, which comprises of the selected options.

Let us assume we want to fetch Material Requests into our dialog. We can then go on to invoke the MultiSelectDialog in the following manner:

new frappe.ui.form.MultiSelectDialog({
    doctype: "Material Request",
    target: this.cur_frm,
    setters: {
        schedule_date: null,
        status: 'Pending'
    },
    add_filters_group: 1,
    date_field: "transaction_date",
    get_query() {
        return {
            filters: { docstatus: ['!=', 2] }
        }
    },
    action(selections) {
        console.log(selections);
    }
});

// MultiSelectDialog with custom query method
let query_args = {
    query:"dotted.path.to.method",
    filters: { docstatus: ["!=", 2], supplier: "John Doe" }
}

new frappe.ui.form.MultiSelectDialog({
    doctype: "Material Request",
    target: this.cur_frm,
    setters: {
        schedule_date: null,
        status: 'Pending'
    },
    add_filters_group: 1,
    date_field: "transaction_date",
    get_query() {
        return query_args;
    },
    action(selections) {
        console.log(selections);
    }
});

MultiSelectDialog frappe.ui.form.MultiSelectDialog

Here all the Material Requests that fulfill the filter criteria will be fetched into the selection area. The setter company is added to the filter fields along with its passed value. The date_field will be used to fetch and query dates from the DocType mentioned.

The Make Material Request (or Make {DocType}) secondary action button will redirect you to a new form in order to make a new entry into the DocType passed.

Now, if we want to only select particular item from a Material Request, then we can use optional child_selection_mode to enable child selection

// MultiSelectDialog for individual child selection
new frappe.ui.form.MultiSelectDialog({
    doctype: "Material Request",
    target: this.cur_frm,
    setters: {
        schedule_date: null,
        status: null
    },
    add_filters_group: 1,
    date_field: "transaction_date",
    allow_child_item_selection: 1,
    child_fieldname: "items", // child table fieldname, whose records will be shown & can be filtered
    child_columns: ["item_code", "qty"], // child item columns to be displayed
    get_query() {
        return {
            filters: { docstatus: ['!=', 2] }
        }
    },
    action(selections, args) {
        console.log(args.filtered_children); // list of selected item names
    }
});

MultiSelectDialog frappe.ui.form.MultiSelectDialog

Here you will see a checkbox Select Individual Items to toggle between child item selection & parent selection. Once you toggle it, all the individual Material Requests Items are listed from the all the queried Material Request, you can now filter these items for selection.

To access the selected children, you can use args.filtered_children list which contains selected child item names.