This page is concerned only with the commands that exist in the bench project, that are a direct part of the CLI tool. These commands are defined under the frappe/bench.
For references of any Framework commands, checkout Frappe Commands.
Using the bench CLI
➜ bench Usage: bench [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]... Bench manager for Frappe Options: --version --help Show this message and exit. Commands: backup Backup single site backup-all-sites Backup all sites in current bench config Change bench configuration disable-production Disables production environment for the bench. download-translations Download latest translations exclude-app Exclude app from updating find Finds benches recursively from location get-app Clone an app from the internet or filesystem and...
Similarly, all available flags and options can be checked for commands
individually by executing them with the
--help flag. The
init command for
➜ bench init --help Usage: bench init [OPTIONS] PATH Initialize a new bench instance in the specified path Options: --python TEXT Path to Python Executable. --ignore-exist Ignore if Bench instance exists. --apps_path TEXT path to json files with apps to install after init
Under Click's structure,
bench is the main command group, under which there
are three main groups of commands in bench currently, namely
A set of commands that don't classify broadly in the other commands. Commands
find come under this category. These commands
belong directly to the bench group so they can be invoked directly prefixing
bench in your shell. Therefore, the usage for these commands is as
➜ bench COMMAND [ARGS]...
- init: Initialize a new bench instance in the specified path. This sets up
a complete bench folder with an
appsfolder which contains all the Frappe apps available in the current bench,
sitesfolder that stores all site data separated by individual site folders,
configfolder that contains your redis, NGINX and supervisor configuration files. The
envfolder consists of all python dependencies of the current bench and installed Frappe applications have.
- restart: Restart web, supervisor, systemd processes units. Used in the production setup.
- update: If executed in a bench directory, without any flags will backup, pull, setup requirements, build, run patches and restart bench. Using specific flags will only do certain tasks instead of all.
- migrate-env: Migrate Virtual Environment to desired Python version. This
envfolder with the specified Python version.
- retry-upgrade: Retry a failed upgrade
- disable-production: Disables production environment for the bench.
- renew-lets-encrypt: Renew Let's Encrypt certificate for site SSL.
- backup: Backup single site data. Can be used to backup files as well.
backup-all-sites: Backup all sites in the current bench.
get-app: Download an app from the internet or filesystem and set it up in your bench. This clones the git repo of the Frappe project and installs it in the bench environment.
- remove-app: Completely remove the specified Frappe App from the current bench and re-build assets if not installed on any site.
- exclude-app: Exclude app from updating during a
- include-app: Include app for updating. All Frappe applications are included by default when installed.
- remote-set-url: Set app remote url
- remote-reset-url: Reset app remote url to frappe official
- remote-urls: Show apps remote url
- switch-to-branch: Switch all apps to specified branch, or specify apps separated by space
- switch-to-develop: Switch Frappe and ERPNext to develop branch
- set-nginx-port: Set NGINX port for site
- set-ssl-certificate: Set SSL certificate path for site
- set-ssl-key: Set SSL certificate private key path for site
- set-url-root: Set URL root for site
- set-mariadb-host: Set MariaDB host for bench
- set-redis-cache-host: Set Redis cache host for bench
- set-redis-queue-host: Set Redis queue host for bench
- set-redis-socketio-host: Set Redis socketio host for bench
- set-default-site: Set default site for bench
- download-translations: Download latest translations
- start: Start Frappe development processes. Uses the Procfile to start the Frappe development environment.
- src: Prints bench source folder path, which can be used to cd into the
bench installation repository by
cd $(bench src).
- find: Finds benches recursively from location or specified path.
- pip: Use the current bench's pip to manage Python packages. For help
about pip usage:
bench pip help [COMMAND]or
bench pip [COMMAND] -h.
- new-app: Create a new Frappe application under apps folder.
- release: Create a release of a Frappe application
- prepare-beta-release: Prepare major beta release from develop branch
This command group consists of commands used to manipulate the requirements
and environments required by your Frappe environment. The setup commands used
for setting up the Frappe environment in context of the current bench need to be
bench setup as the prefix. So, the general usage of these
commands is as
➜ bench setup COMMAND [ARGS]...
sudoers: Add commands to sudoers list for allowing bench commands execution without root password
env: Setup Python's virtual environment for your bench. This sets up a
envfolder under the root of the bench directory.
- redis: Generates configuration for Redis
- fonts: Add Frappe fonts to system
- config: Generate or over-write
- backups: Add cronjob for bench backups
- socketio: Setup node dependencies for socketio server
requirements: Setup Python and Node dependencies
bench-manager.localsite with the Bench Manager app, a GUI for bench installed on it.
procfile: Generate Procfile for bench start
production: Setup a Frappe production environment for the specified user. This installs ansible, NGINX, supervisor, fail2ban and generates the respective configuration files.
- nginx: Generate configuration files for NGINX
- fail2ban: Setup fail2ban, an intrusion prevention software framework that protects computer servers from brute-force attacks
- systemd: Generate configuration for systemd
- firewall: Setup firewall for system
- ssh-port: Set SSH Port for system
- reload-nginx: Checks NGINX config file and reloads service
- supervisor: Generate configuration for supervisor
- lets-encrypt: Setup lets-encrypt SSL for site
wildcard-ssl: Setup wildcard SSL certificate for multi-tenant bench
add-domain: Add a custom domain to a particular site
- remove-domain: Remove custom domain from a site
sync-domains: Check if there is a change in domains. If yes, updates the domains list.
role: Install dependencies via ansible roles
The config command group deals with making changes in the current bench (not the CLI tool) configuration. The config group commands are used for manipulating configurations in the current bench context. The usage for these commands is as
➜ bench config COMMAND [ARGS]...
- set-common-config: Set value in common config
remove-common-config: Remove specific keys from current bench's common config
update_bench_on_update: Enable/Disable bench updates on running bench update
- restart_supervisor_on_update: Enable/Disable auto restart of supervisor processes
- restart_systemd_on_update: Enable/Disable auto restart of systemd units
- dns_multitenant: Enable/Disable bench multitenancy on running bench update
- serve_default_site: Configure nginx to serve the default site on port 80
- http_timeout: Set HTTP timeout
The install command group deals with commands used to install system dependencies for setting up a Frappe environment. The usage for these commands is as
bench install COMMAND [ARGS]...
- prerequisites: Installs pre-requisite libraries, essential tools like b2zip, htop, screen, vim, x11-fonts, python libs, cups and Redis
- nodejs: Installs Node.js v8
- nginx: Installs NGINX. If user is specified, sudoers is setup for that user
- packer: Installs Oracle virtualbox and packer 1.2.1
- psutil: Installs psutil via pip
- mariadb: Install and setup MariaDB of specified version and root password
- wkhtmltopdf: Installs wkhtmltopdf v0.12.3 for linux
- supervisor: Installs supervisor. If user is specified, sudoers is setup for that user
- fail2ban: Install fail2ban, an intrusion prevention software framework that protects computer servers from brute-force attacks
- virtualbox: Installs supervisor
This section covers the general usage of the Bench CLI, enough to get you familiar with the basic usage.
Create a new bench
The init command will create a bench directory with the frappe framework installed. It will be setup for periodic backups.
➜ bench init frappe-bench && cd frappe-bench
Add a site
Frappe apps are run by frappe sites and you will have to create at least one site. The new-site command allows you to do that.
➜ bench new-site site1.local
The get-app command gets remote frappe apps from a remote git repository and installs them. Example: erpnext
➜ bench get-app erpnext https://github.com/frappe/erpnext
To install an app on your new site, use the bench
➜ bench --site site1.local install-app erpnext
To start using the bench, use the
bench start command
➜ bench start
To login to Frappe / ERPNext, open your browser and go to
The default username is "Administrator" and password is what you set when you created the new site.
Update all apps and sites from your bench directory. This operation performs backups, sets up requirements, build asstes, runs migrations and restarts your process manager for you.
➜ bench update
For a UI based approach to managing your deployments, checkout Bench Manager.
➜ bench setup manager
You can set it up easily on any existing bench by running the above command.
What this does?
- Create a new site
- Get the
- Install the
Bench Managerapp on the site
You can use this site to manage your bench operations through