Background Jobs

Frappe ships with a system for running jobs in the background. It is implemented by using the schedule package and a simple long-running infinite while loop.

You can enqueue a python method to run in the background by using the frappe.enqueue method:

def long_running_job(param1, param2):
    # expensive tasks
    pass

# directly pass the function
frappe.enqueue(long_running_job, queue='short', param1='A', param2='B')

# or pass the full module path as string
frappe.enqueue('app.module.folder.long_running_job', queue='short', param1='A', param2='B')

Here are all the possible arguments you can pass to the enqueue:

frappe.enqueue(
    method, # python function or a module path as string
    queue="default", # one of short, default, long
    timeout=None, # pass timeout manually
    is_async=True, # if this is True, method is run in worker
    now=False, # if this is True, method is run directly (not in a worker) 
    job_name=None, # specify a job name
    enqueue_after_commit=False, # enqueue the job after the database commit is done at the end of the request
    at_front=False, # put the job at the front of the queue
    **kwargs, # kwargs are passed to the method as arguments
)

You can also enqueue a Document method by using frappe.enqueue_doc:

frappe.enqueue_doc(
    doctype,
    name,
    "do_something", # name of the controller method
    queue="long",
    timeout=4000,
    param="value"
)

Queue

There are 3 default queues that are configured with the framework: short, default, and long. Each queue has a default timeout as follows:

  • short: 300 seconds
  • default: 300 seconds
  • long: 1500 seconds

You can also pass a custom timeout to the enqueue method.

Custom Queues

You can add custom queues by configuring them in [common_site_config.json](https://frappeframework.com/docs/v13/user/en/basics/site_config#common-site-config):

{
    ...
    "workers": {
        "myqueue": {
            "timeout": 5000, # queue timeout
            "background_workers": 4, # number of workers for this queue
        }   
    }
}

Workers

By default Frappe sets up 3 worker types for consuming from each queue. The default configuration looks like this:

bench worker --queue short
bench worker --queue default
bench worker --queue long

In production these 3 worker processes are replicated to configured number of background workers to handle higher workloads.

NOTE: This way of mapping workers to single queue is just a convention and it's not necessary to follow it.

Multi-queue consumption

You can specify more than one queue for workers to consume from by specifying a comma separate string of queue names.

Example: If you wanted to combine short and default workers and only use two types of workers instead of default configuration then you can modify your worker configuration like this:

bench worker --queue short,default
bench worker --queue long

NOTE: The examples shown here are for Procfile format but they can be applied to supervisor or systemd configurations easily too.

Burst Mode using --burst

bench worker --queue short --burst

This command will spawn a tempoary worker that will start consuming short queue and quit once queue is empty. If you periodically need higher amount of workers then you can use your OS's crontab to setup burst workers at specific times.

Scheduler Events

You can use Scheduler Events for running tasks periodically in the background using the scheduler_events hook.

app/hooks.py

scheduler_events = {
    "hourly": [
        # will run hourly
        "app.scheduled_tasks.update_database_usage"
    ],
}

app/scheduled_tasks.py

def update_database_usage():
    pass

After changing any scheduled events in hooks.py, you need to run bench migrate for changes to take effect.

Available Events

  • hourly, daily, weekly, and monthly

    These events will trigger every hour, day, week, and month respectively.

  • hourly_long, daily_long, weekly_long, monthly_long

    Same as above but these jobs are run in the long worker suitable for long-running jobs.

  • all

    The all event is triggered every 60 seconds. This can be configured via the scheduler_tick_interval key in [common_site_config.json](https://frappeframework.com/docs/v13/user/en/basics/sites#scheduler_tick_interval)

  • cron

    A valid cron string that can be parsed by croniter.

Usage Examples:

scheduler_events = {
    "daily": [
        "app.scheduled_tasks.manage_recurring_invoices"
    ],
    "daily_long": [
        "app.scheduled_tasks.take_backups_daily"
    ],
    "cron": {
        "15 18 * * *": [
            "app.scheduled_tasks.delete_all_barcodes_for_users"
        ],
        "*/6 * * * *": [
            "app.scheduled_tasks.collect_error_snapshots"
        ],
        "annual": [
            "app.scheduled_tasks.collect_error_snapshots"
        ]
    }
}